Espreso. Global

G20 leaders adopt declaration, fail to condemn Russian war on Ukraine

9 September, 2023 Saturday

On September 9, the participants of the G20 summit adopted a final declaration: all states called for peace, but did not condemn Russia's full-scale aggression against Ukraine. The Ukrainian Foreign Ministry responded


This is stated in the text of the G20 summit declaration.

"We note with deep concern the immense human suffering and the adverse impact of wars and conflicts around the world," the paragraph 7 of the declaration says. 

Further, the text states that the participants of the summit, regarding the war in Ukraine, reaffirm their positions and resolutions adopted by the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly and emphasize that all States must act in a manner consistent with the purposes and principles of the UN Charter in its entirety. 

In particular, according to the UN Charter, countries must refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity and sovereignty or political independence of any state.

The use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is unacceptable, the declaration emphasizes.

The summit participants point out that despite being the leading summit for international economic cooperation, the G20 is not a platform for addressing geopolitical and security issues. However, they recognize that these issues can have significant implications for the global economy.

"We highlighted the human suffering and negative added impacts of the war in Ukraine with regard to global food and energy security, supply chains, macro-financial stability, inflation and growth, which has complicated the policy environment for countries, especially developing and least developed countries which are still recovering from the COVID-19 pandemic and the economic disruption which has derailed progress towards the SDGs," the declaration says. 

The G20 countries highly appreciate Turkey's efforts and the Istanbul agreements reached with the mediation of the UN, which consist of a Memorandum of Understanding between the Russian Federation and the UN Secretariat on the promotion of Russian food and fertilizers to world markets and the Black Sea Grain Initiative, from which Russia unilaterally withdrew.

"We call for their full, timely and effective implementation to ensure the immediate and unimpeded deliveries of grain, foodstuffs, and fertilizers/inputs from the Russian Federation and Ukraine. This is necessary to meet the demand in developing and least developed countries, particularly those in Africa," they added. 

The declaration emphasized the importance of maintaining food and energy security and, without naming countries, called for an end to military destruction and attacks on relevant infrastructure and expressed "deep concern about the negative impact of conflicts on the security of civilians."

"We call on all states to uphold the principles of international law, including territorial integrity and sovereignty, international humanitarian law, and the multilateral system that safeguards peace and stability. The peaceful resolution of conflicts, and efforts to address crises as well as diplomacy and dialogue are critical," they added. 

The countries noted that they would welcome initiatives aimed at supporting a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in Ukraine and emphasized that today's era should not be an era of war.

Ukraine's reaction

Foreign Ministry spokesman Oleh Nikolenko said that Ukraine is grateful to its partners who "tried to include strong wording in the text (of the declaration - ed.)."

"At the same time, the G20 has nothing to be proud of in terms of Russia's aggression against Ukraine. Obviously, the participation of the Ukrainian side would have allowed the participants to better understand the situation. The principle of "nothing about Ukraine without Ukraine" remains as key as ever," Nikolenko emphasized. 

He posted a photo with corrected wording of the main elements of the text, which, in his opinion, are "closer to reality." In particular, instead of the phrase "war in Ukraine," the Foreign Ministry spokesman suggested that it should be stated that it is a war unleashed by Russia against Ukraine.

More details on the G20 summit in India

On August 10, the world media speculated that Russian leader Putin might personally attend the G20 summit in India, despite the fact that on March 17, the International Criminal Court in The Hague issued an arrest warrant for him.

On August 15, it became known that Vladimir Putin had been invited to the G20 summit to be held in New Delhi on September 9-10, but the list of invitees did not include representatives of Ukraine.

On August 16, Indian Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar confirmed during a meeting with international media that Ukraine had not been invited to the summit.

It is worth noting that Ukraine received an invitation to the last G20 summit in Indonesia. At that time, President Volodymyr Zelenskyy presented the Peace Formula to the participants of the meeting via video link for the first time.

On August 25, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said during a briefing that Putin would not attend the G20 summit to be held in India in September.

On August 31, the media reported that the G20 summit in India is likely to take place without Chinese President Xi Jinping.

Subsequently, US President Joe Biden said he was disappointed by reports that Chinese President Xi Jinping would likely not attend the G20 summit in India.

On September 5, the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs confirmed information spread in the media that President Xi Jinping would not attend the G20 summit in India.

The European Union plans to take advantage of the absence of Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin from the G20 summit in India to endorse the African Union's application for permanent membership in the Group of Twenty.

Subsequently, it was noted that Ukraine hopes that the participants of the G20 summit will condemn Russian aggression in the final communiqué: Russia's participation in the discussion complicates the process.

Read also:
  • News
2024, Wednesday
17 July
Urozhaine is under Russian control: DeepState on situation in Donetsk region
Japan to transfer $3.3 billion of frozen Russian assets to Ukraine
Clear sky for F-16s: military expert Zgurets on systematic work to weaken Russian air defense
Ten years since MH17 tragedy: memory and truth
Ukrainian air defense downs 4 Russian reconnaissance UAVs
Greece considers selling old F-16s to help Ukraine - media
Russian 'meat' assaults halt in Pokrovsk direction — Ukrainian military
Another unexpected US ban emerges alongside restrictions on weapon use. Serhiy Zgurets' column
Germany to allocate €10 million to rebuild Kyiv's Okhmatdyt hospital
Other countries must join war in Ukraine to defeat Russia – diplomat Chaly
Russian army attacks in 11 frontline areas, 112 combat clashes occur over past day - Ukraine's General Staff
Russian troops advance near 4 settlements in Donetsk region – DeepState
Ukrainian forces target Russian air defense systems to prepare for F-16 deployment - ISW
Russia loses 1,110 soldiers, 43 artillery systems, 11 tanks in Ukraine per day
2024, Tuesday
16 July
Victorious news of 874th day of war: partisans disclose secret military center in Crimea, Ukrainian troops hit Russian air defense system in Donetsk region
Russian losses in Kharkiv sector reaching divisions, but they keep storming - 3rd Brigade
How should Ukraine talk to European right?
Ukraine is likely to receive up to 20 Mirage-2000 fighter jets from France - Defense Express
Russia uses medical check-ups as pretext for deportation, brings doctors from Yakutia to Ukraine
Russian army drops 36 glide bombs in Kharkiv sector over day
Tenth anniversary of MH17: EU calls on Russia to accept responsibility
French writer Bernard-Henri Levy visits brigade, where Ukrainian writer Zhadan serves
Russia tries to form cauldron for AFU in Donetsk region - Ukrainian Colonel Selezniov
It will take Ukraine 3 years to restore DniproHES hydroelectric power plant
Those involved will not go unpunished: Ukraine’s reaction to Belarus' agreements with Crimean occupation authorities  
Dynamics of Russian military losses in Ukraine, pace of Russian offensive
MEPs urge stripping Hungary of EU voting rights after Orbán's Russia, China visits
Russia deploys priests to occupied territories, urging soldiers to return to front
Ukraine's intelligence and cyber volunteers attack nearly 100 Russian web resources
Orbán's mediation mission in Ukraine war is "meaningless" - Hungarian political scientist
Ukraine, Czech Republic to hold intergovernmental consultations in Prague
Roberta Metsola re-elected as president of European Parliament
Russia attacks gas service brigade, official in Kherson region
Russia seeks to prevent potential recruits and mobilised persons from leaving country - UK intelligence
U.S. supports Ukraine's efforts to engage Russia in upcoming Peace Summit - State Department spokesman
Strange intrigue surrounds possible supply of Swedish Gripens to Ukraine. Serhiy Zgurets' column
Ukrainian refugees risk homelessness in UK – Red Cross
No country has re-equipped so quickly: military expert on F-16 for Ukraine
UK to strengthen armed forces amid tensions with “deadly quartet”
Ukraine denies Russian fake alleging Ukraine's plot to assassinate Hungary’s Orban
More news