Espreso. Global
Exclusive

Ukraine will be poor country even in 10 years - Doctor of Economics Libanova

21 August, 2023 Monday
12:55

The Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine is developing a program for the post-war restoration of the country's human resources. It is distributed across four Ukrainian regions and major cities

Ella Libanova, Doctor of Economics, Director of the Institute, Academician, provided details in an interview with Espreso TV.

"When we talk about the recovery of Ukraine's economy, we should not talk about the recovery of Ukraine's economy in general, but about the recovery of the southern territories, the recovery of the territories close to the borders with two aggressive neighbors, the recovery of the western territories, central Ukraine, and metropolitan areas. These are five completely different approaches, and you need to understand this. Today, the Academy, the Department of Economics, and I personally are trying to convey this to the authorities. Because Ukraine is a poor country, and it will remain poor in 5 or 10 years. You have to look at things realistically, at what has been destroyed. I think no matter how hard we try to rebuild, we will remain a poor country. In a poor country, the population always gathers around the capital and metropolitan areas. We have 5 of them, and we also consider Lviv a metropolis, even though there are not a million people there," the scholar noted.

Lviv, she said, has not yet become a million city, because "more people have left than entered."

In eastern Ukraine, Libanova added, Kharkiv and Donetsk, once liberated, will continue to "pull out" their surrounding regions.

"I have great doubts about Sumy and Chernihiv regions, the northern part. But Kharkiv will pull out the entire region. It will lose something, of course. I would consider it inappropriate to keep military-industrial enterprises there. But the rest, as a technical center, a technological center, is undoubtedly true," said Ella Libanova.

Academician Libanova is convinced that Odesa will remain a metropolis, even despite the Russian blockade of the ports.

"Odesa is not only about ports. Odesa concentrates the entire south. The question is how much the south will be destroyed and how quickly we will be able to rebuild it. That's why I say that the south is separate, the west is separate," the academician emphasized.

As for the possibility of transferring (relocating) significant industrial facilities to the western part of Ukraine, the possibilities there are not unlimited.

"The West - because there is an ecological capacity there, which, as our ecologists say, has already been exhausted. There are certain reserves in Lviv and Ivano-Frankivsk regions. I mean environmental reserves. The rest of the regions have nothing. Neither Volyn, nor Bukovyna, nor Zakarpattia have anything. Because there is an ecological capacity. This is water, free territories that are not under swamps, forests, or mountains. This is what is lacking there. We can move some more to the Lviv and Ivano-Frankivsk regions, but that's it. That's why all our talk about relocating who knows what there seems to me to be very dubious," emphasized academician Ella Libanova.

Tags:
Read also:
  • News
2024, Monday
26 February
16:10
New Russian PSYOP: Ukrainians of Hungarian origin receive threats in Zakarpattia
15:50
President's Office confirms that Ukraine is working to open one of its airports
15:30
British intelligence explains how Russia uses energy in its war against Ukraine
15:10
U.S. Senate aide investigated for illegally providing sniper gear to Ukrainian military – NYT
14:50
Exclusive
Russia shows no signs of halting and is unprepared for negotiations - political technologist
14:30
Exclusive
Russian artillery works relentlessly in Zaporizhzhia direction, says "Legion of Freedom" spokesman Denysov
14:10
OPINION
Ukraine should provide statistics on losses at least once a month
13:50
Polish farmers stage blockade on German border in protest
13:30
Russia plans to produce 2.7 million shells in 2024 — Ukraine's Intelligence
12:59
Updated
Ukrainian Armed Forces retreat to western outskirts of Lastochkine near Avdiivka
12:30
Review
Ghost missile: Everything we know about "hypersonic" Zircon Russia launches at Kyiv
11:59
Exclusive
Challenging days ahead: military expert Zgurets discusses Avdiivka region situation
11:35
Exclusive
Military expert Samus explains why Ukraine lacks artillery rounds
11:15
Ukrainian Armed Forces eliminate 2 Russian air defense systems, 13 tanks and 880 soldiers per day
10:45
Russian media avoid mentioning 2nd year of Ukraine invasion to downplay setbacks — ISW
10:16
Updated
Russians kill seven Ukrainian POWs near Bakhmut: prosecutor's office launches investigation
09:56
Russia attacks Ukraine’s Sumy region, killing married couple, injuring 4 more
09:30
Review
Ukraine's NATO membership: prospects and challenges two years into full-scale war
2024, Sunday
25 February
20:10
Interview
Ukraine can gain frontline advantage even before NATO summit — U.S. expert Fried
19:55
Review
Explosions witnessed by Russians: Blasts in Mariupol, fire at Sukhoi aircraft manufacturer's plant, and drones in Russian regions
19:40
Putin will be weakened by Ukraine getting frozen Russian assets — Zelenskyy
19:20
OPINION
Russia unable to annex Transnistria
19:00
Review
F-16 fighters in Ukraine: game changer for situation on battlefield?
18:45
31,000 Ukrainian soldiers have died in this war, the Russians lost 180,000 troops - Zelenskyy
18:25
Russians have no Iranian missiles — Ukraine's Intelligence
18:00
Poland holds grain spill instigators to account at Ukrainian-Polish border — Ukraine's PM Shmyhal
17:30
90% of drones in frontline service made in Ukraine - Digital Minister Fedorov
16:41
‘I would not recommend civilians use the Crimean Bridge’ — Ukraine's Spy Chief Budanov
16:00
Umerov affirms Ukraine's robust 2024 plan
15:30
Lithuanians raise over €8 million for Ukrainian military equipment
15:00
Exclusive
Every Russian advance incurs significant losses, says officer Tsekhotskyi
14:30
Ukrainian intelligence comments on speculation that Transnistria will ask to join Russia
13:59
Exclusive
No combat in Robotyne center, says Zaporizhzhia Regional Council Deputy Lyshenko
13:30
Russia suffers substantial equipment losses in assaults, says Luhansk official
13:00
OPINION
Andriy Lyubka: We have all partly died in two years of war
12:30
Russia spreads disinformation about "Nazi alliance with Bandera supporters"
11:55
Russia loses 8 tanks, 29 artillery systems, and 810 soldiers in one day – Ukraine's General Staff
11:30
Russian forces destroy train station in Kostyantynivka, Donetsk region
10:59
Russia attempts to destroy Ukrainian air defense in South during night assault
2024, Saturday
24 February
22:28
Total Resistance: the launch of calendar dedicated to the heroic struggle of Ukrainians against Russia
More news