Espreso. Global

Ukraine, Canada, Sweden, and UK file lawsuit against Iran at UN court over downing of Ukrainian plane 

5 July, 2023 Wednesday
18:22

Canada, Sweden, Ukraine, and the UK have filed a lawsuit against Iran with the International Court of Justice, accusing it of violating the Montreal Convention over the downing of an UIA plane in January 2020

Ukraine’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced the information.

"We, ministers representing Canada, Sweden, Ukraine and the United Kingdom, have taken an important step in our collective effort to ensure Iran is held accountable for the unlawful downing of Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 (Flight PS752). Iran failed to respond to our request for arbitration sent on December 28, 2022. As a result, this week in The Hague, we have jointly filed an application with the International Court of Justice instituting proceedings against Iran in relation to their breaches of the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation of 1971," the statement said.

The statement further states Iran must bear full responsibility for its actions and omissions that violated international law in shooting down Flight PS752 with two surface-to-air missiles fired by members of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Aerospace Forces.

"Iran has, among other violations, failed to take all practicable measures to prevent the destruction of Flight PS752 by members of its armed forces. Iran has equally failed to advance a full, transparent and impartial criminal investigation and prosecution in accordance with international standards," the press service writes.

The joint legal action demonstrates the countries’ unwavering commitment to achieving transparency, justice and accountability for all families of the victims of Flight PS752.

UIA plane crash

The UIA plane was shot down on January 8, 2020, shortly after takeoff from Tehran by two surface-to-air missiles. As a result, all 176 people on board were killed. Iran claimed responsibility for the downing of the Ukrainian plane.

On July 18, 2020, Iran sent the black boxes from the Ukrainian International Airlines plane shot down near Tehran to France for examination. In January 2021, Iran handed over a draft technical report on the downing of the UIA plane to Ukraine.

On February 10, 2021, it became known that the Canadian government and security agencies were studying an audio recording in which a person identified by sources as Iran's foreign minister discusses the possibility that the downing of Flight PS752 was a deliberate act. Iran called the recording fake. Ukraine's Foreign Ministry said that Iran is hiding important information in the case of the downing of the UIA plane.

On March 17, 2021, Iran released the final report on the downing of the UIA plane near Tehran, Kuleba called the document a "compilation of manipulations." 

The Supreme Court of the Canadian province of Ontario recognizes the downing of a UIA plane in Iran as a deliberate act of terrorism.

On November 25, 2021, an international group consisting of Canada, Sweden, Ukraine, and the United Kingdom called on Iran to pay full reparations for the downing of Flight PS752. On January 6, 2022, Iran refused to negotiate with the international group.

On January 8, 2022, Secretary of the Ukrainian National Security and Defense Council Oleksiy Danilov said that the UIA plane crash over Tehran in 2020 had all the hallmarks of a terrorist attack.

In April 2023, an Iranian court sentenced 10 military personnel to prison in connection with the crash of a UIA passenger plane over Tehran in 2020. Subsequently, the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry stated that the verdicts against the alleged perpetrators of the downing of Flight PS752 in Iran were a sham, and that Ukraine would demand justice.

Tags:
Read also:
  • News
2024, Sunday
3 March
21:15
New Russian Special Forces intensify search for Ukrainian underground in occupied territories
20:45
Russian forces bomb Kurakhove, wounding 16 civilians
20:14
OPINION
How genocide continues
19:42
Russian forces deploy chemical munitions 9 times in Tavria area in 24 hours
19:14
Russian disinformation: Debunking claims about Ukrainian civil servants' pre-offensive "evacuation" from Kherson
18:47
Interview
Radio Liberty CEO Steve Сapus on freedom of speech in Ukraine and how journalism can survive in post-truth era
18:16
Ukraine to use artificial intelligence in demining efforts
17:43
Updated
Russian drone attack on Odesa kills 10, including three children
17:16
Russia suffers record daily losses in February: British intelligence on implications
16:43
Avdiivka front stabilizes amid local successes for Russia
16:14
Interview
Ukraine, Russia face critical moment on frontline — Colonel Grant
15:45
Government allocates UAH 1.3 billion for Zaporizhzhia direction fortifications
15:16
OPINION
There are quite enough Chamberlains and Deladiers today
14:46
Exclusive
Why Russia is doubling down on Avdiivka direction: Analysis by military expert Popovych
14:15
Exclusive
Map of fighting in Bakhmut sector
Defending Chasiv Yar: Ukrainian Armed Forces take measures to thwart Russian capture
13:45
Russia claims it repelled drone attack, downing 38 drones over Crimea
13:17
Russia risks losing aircraft to advance in Avdiivka – ISW report
12:47
Ukraine braces for new Kremlin disinformation campaign against Zelenskyy - Bloomberg
11:56
Interview
Chances that Biden administration will agree with Macron's statements are zero — Ambassador Bolton
11:26
Russia loses aircraft, 35 artillery systems, and 1,160 soldiers in one day – General Staff
10:56
Russian troops attack Myrnohrad with missiles at night, killing civilians
2024, Saturday
2 March
20:30
Aircraft carrier for drones to be built in Black Sea by Portugal’s request
20:11
Exclusive
Putin breaks golden rule of intelligence: expert on publication of Bundeswehr talks about Taurus strike on Crimea bridge
19:55
Exclusive
Crimea bridge is primary strategic target to be destroyed - British Colonel Grant
19:39
Ukraine shoots down another Russian Su-34 fighter jet
19:24
Ukrainian army targets 336 Russian soldiers and 258 UAVs in Tavria sector
19:06
Russia signals readiness to hand over bodies of POWs from IL-76: Ukrainian military intelligence responds
18:26
"Better give Ukraine weapons than send troops" - Polish Defense Minister
17:58
Exclusive
Kremlin played it safe with its main opponent - Feygin on Navalny's murder
17:30
Exclusive
Putin perceives West as very weak — British Colonel Grant
16:56
Bedbugs in Paris: Russian agents spread panic, link it to Ukrainian refugees
16:29
Exclusive
Russia sends battalion for assaults every day - Ukrainian military on fighting in Kreminna sector
16:00
Substation supplying three defense plants explodes in Yekaterinburg, Russia
15:47
Updated
Russian drones attack Kharkiv and Odesa, killing at least 5, including child
15:35
Russia announces test of Yars ballistic missile to scare West, force it to cut Ukraine aid - ISW
15:02
Exclusive
Operation on Tendra Spit, where Ukrainian spec ops soldiers died, had no strategic or tactical value - Major General Kryvonos
14:33
Review
Map of fighting in Bakhmut sector
NATO in Ukraine. Repulsing attacks in Zaporizhzhia region, situation in Avdiivka. Weekly military results 
13:55
Review
Ukraine’s demographic apocalypse: millions of refugees, war losses and how to address population challenges
13:23
"A lot depends on commander": Syrskyi explains why some AFU brigades fail to hold line
12:55
Argentina donates two Russian-built military helicopters to Ukraine
More news