The most effective defense against Russian missiles is air defense — Ukrainian energy company DTEK
Ukraine has established a multi-tiered system of passive protection for its energy facilities. While effective, it can only provide protection if there is no direct impact
Dmytro Sakharuk, the Executive Director of DTEK, shared these insights during an interview with Forbes Ukraine.
According to Sakharuk, the most effective protection for energy facilities is provided by air defense systems. This is because substations are not designed to withstand missile or drone attacks. Nevertheless, energy companies have taken it upon themselves to protect their facilities by installing concrete barriers, anti-drone nets, and other measures. The Ministry of Reconstruction has also proposed a comprehensive program, as Ukraine anticipates potential future strikes from Russia.
These protective structures are designed to safeguard equipment in the event of a nearby explosion, shielding transformers and other components from debris.
“Transformers, for instance, are essentially large barrels filled with 20-30 tons of oil, which can easily ignite but are extremely challenging to extinguish. By covering them with substantial barriers like bags, gabions, and blocks, the risk of oil ignition is significantly reduced,” explained Sakharuk.
This same principle applies to other equipment located at substations or stations. However, in the event of a direct impact from above, these protective measures become ineffective.
Sakharuk added, "If three or four rockets strike the same location, this protection won't be effective; in such cases, the rockets themselves need to be intercepted."
Regarding preparations for the winter season
On August 12, the Ministry of Energy reported that planned repairs at energy facilities in Ukraine are progressing as scheduled. However, the regions bordering Russia and frontline territories face the most significant challenges in preparing for the upcoming heating season.
On August 13, Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal announced that Ukraine is implementing a multi-tiered protection plan for energy facilities.
On August 18, it was reported that protective structures are being constructed around Trypilska and Zmiivska Thermal Power Plants, both part of Centerenergo.