Espreso. Global

Hostilities in Ukraine do not stop due to weather challenges, but they have slowed down. Serhiy Zgurets' column.

22 November, 2023 Wednesday

Both Ukraine and Russia are using much less equipment than in the summer or dry period. Enemy losses confirm this: 610 troops, zero tanks, 6 infantry fighting vehicles and 4 artillery systems were destroyed over the past day. That is, much less than usual

Frontline situation 

I'll start with the weather, because the increasingly bad autumn weather in Ukraine has not stopped the fighting, but it is slowing down the advance of the Ukrainian military and the enemy on the battlefield. At the moment, it is difficult to move along the roads after rain or after the snow has melted. This affects the pace of combat operations. That's why we are using much less equipment now than in the summer or dry period. By the way, this is confirmed by the enemy's losses.

On one of the previous days, 610 invaders, zero tanks, 6 armored personnel carriers and 4 artillery systems were destroyed. That is, much less than usual. However, it is significant that the number of combat engagements on the frontline has not decreased. There were 70 of them, and about 40 of them were in the areas of Bakhmut, Avdiivka and Marinka. Today, Army Commander Oleksandr Syrskyi said that the enemy is trying to attack in the area of Klishchiivka, pulling up reserves, and somehow trying to overturn the results of the fighting that have been achieved so far.

Bakhmut direction

Oleh Kalashnikov, a spokesman for the 26th Artillery Brigade named after Major General Roman Dashkevych, said the situation was indeed very difficult. While there was more or less a ceasefire on the northern flank of the Bakhmut sector, in recent weeks we have seen the enemy intensify its actions in this area. That is, the enemy is attacking in the direction of the settlements of Bohdanivka and Khromove, trying to dislodge the defence forces..

The invaders are attempting to stabilize the front line and make it more convenient for them. We also observe enemy counterattacks on the southern flank. If we take Klishchiivka, the Russians are attacking Ukrainian positions from several directions, attacking directly from Bakhmut, from the direction of Zaitseve and Odradivka. The Russian forces are also attacking Andriivka from two directions.

The spokesman for the 26th Artillery Brigade noted the Russians once tried to create a small defensive line on the railroad line, but they failed. Now the enemy is trying to regain what they have lost. They are trying to counterattack in the area of Klishchiivka, because there are dominant heights there that allow Ukrainian defenders to counterattack the railroad, because it is located in a lowland. To do this, the enemy has deployed both manpower and artillery, which it has in abundance in this area. The invaders are also using the aviation component with aircraft.

Kalashnikov said the enemy had recently resumed its bloody 'human wave' attacks, which waste personnel. The enemy is not saving people, it is launching counter-attacks on Ukrainian positions without much support from armoured combat vehicles, only artillery. Professional Russian forces are present in the Bakhmut direction. There are airborne units, air assault units, which are the enemy's elite units. In this area, we could see all three airborne assault units that the Russian Airborne Forces have in general. They act differently, more sparingly and professionally, saving the lives of their personnel because these units are more trained. Here we see different tactical hostile actions on the battlefield.

The serviceman added that he would not be revealing any secrets if he said that the Ukrainian Defense Forces have been using ammunition sparingly over the past two years. This was the case at the beginning of the full-scale clash, when Ukrainian forces tried to work on targets rather than on the ground, and it is the same today. In addition, now that we have NATO artillery equipment in service, it is more accurate and it really helps us not to waste a large number of rounds on a target. In other words, the Ukrainian Armed Forces are working efficiently, as they always have. And this does not prevent them from destroying the enemy, its ammunition depots, heavy equipment, artillery and electronic warfare. There is enough ammunition to do the job. Of course, if there were more shells, the Ukrainian defenders would only thank their partners for their help in liberating our territory faster.

Electronic warfare means

Oleh Kalashnikov has repeatedly spoken about electronic warfare equipment, which is important for us to counter enemy FPV drones and other enemy unmanned systems. We will talk about this topic in more detail with our next guest, Serhiy Beskrestnov, a military specialist in electronic warfare.

Russian FPV drones, Lancets, and guided bombs are our three main high-tech problems that the enemy is using quite successfully. An FPV drone is a disposable drone that carries a charge and is controlled from the ground or from the air via a transponder. This drone transmits a video signal. We can detect these drones by the image, and fight them by suppressing the control signals. 

Unfortunately, the control signal transmissions are very stable and difficult to suppress. That's why we and the Russians are in the same position here. Both they and we are trying to create complexes, so-called domes, to protect against FPV drones. At the moment, I estimate the effectiveness of such systems at 35-40%. It all depends on the skill of the pilot and the equipment at any given time. The Russians have Volnoriez and Tryton systems to protect their equipment from our FPV drones, and their effectiveness is the same as ours.

Serhiy Beskrestnov noted the problem with electronic warfare and FPV is that as soon as we and the Russians develop effective means of small, trench-based electronic warfare against FPV, working groups immediately develop new technologies, namely, switching to other frequencies. We shouldn't underestimate the enemy, as they also have specialists working with the same equipment. That is, this war is absolutely mirrored, an endless struggle between electronic warfare, communications, and technology.

Beskrestnov added that new FPV drones can be made quickly, but it takes much longer to train a new crew. That's why there is a hunt for such crews, so we need to take this into account and disguise ourselves more. The main vulnerability is that when an FPV drone is flying, it has an open, unprotected video channel that can be used to track and reverse the point of departure of the drone. So both we and the Russians are vulnerable. There are certain tips and tricks to counter this, but such recommendations are provided through closed channels so that the enemy does not use them. At this time, we can make a general recommendation - when an FPV drone flies at full power and transmits a signal on the 5.8 or 11.3 band, it carries information that can be intercepted and used for counterattack.

To summarize, I would like to draw attention to the fact that Serhiy Beskrestnov has made an excellent instruction that describes what to do in certain cases, how to properly use trench electronic warfare equipment, and what threats exist. I hope that everyone has received these recommendations in a private mode and will use them on the battlefield with a sufficiently high level of efficiency.

Read also:
  • News
2024, Thursday
29 February
Russian forces launch morning attack on Kherson region, resulting in casualties
Ukrainian troops have minimal ammunition stocks, which only allows them to deter Russian army. Column by Serhiy Zgurets
Ukrainian forces destroy 1,150 Russian soldiers, 23 tanks, 44 armored vehicles per day
Ukrainian Armed Forces strike Russian troop concentration in Olenivka
Turkey and China are likely to create negotiating platforms for war in Ukraine — ISW
Ukrainian Air Force destroys Russian Su-34 aircraft in the East
2024, Wednesday
28 February
Victorious news of 735th day of war: Ukrainian army destroys 6 Russian dugouts on Dnipro's left bank, Netherlands order 9 DITA howitzers for Ukraine
Russian army tries to break through Ukrainian defense 25 times in Novopavlivka sector
One machine can fire about 1,000 shells per day: Ukrainian artilleryman on fighting at front
February 2024 is first month when number of Russian troops in Ukraine decreases
France adapts MiG-29, Su-24M to AASM Hammer, but doesn't give Ukraine Mirage 2000D yet
Europe will hold 'security umbrella' instead of United States
Netherlands orders latest DITA howitzers for Ukraine: when will AFU get them?
Daily Mail publishes video of Ukrainian drone allegedly filming UFO in war zone
Budanov threatens peaceful Crimeans: Russia spreads new fake
Russia bombs train station in Kharkiv region, killing man and 6-year-old child
Ukraine opens 19 criminal cases over Russia's executions of 45 Ukrainian POWs
Ukraine receives $760mln from Japan and Norway: what funds will be used for
Poland and Ukraine may 'temporarily' close border for trade - PM Tusk
Transnistria asks Russia for help due to Moldova's 'economic blockade'. Chisinau, Kyiv, Moscow react
Russia seeks control over railroad: Ukrainian colonel on Russia's army plans
Trump delays Ukraine aid, aims to cast himself as "savior". Vitaly Portnikov's column
Russia tests S-500 air defense system that allegedly shoots down "hypersonics" — military expert Zgurets
Russian army drops bombs on center of Kupyansk, causing casualties
Ukraine-Poland relations, Trump's electorate and Putin's interview with Carlson. Espreso's conversation with political scientist Mahda
Kremlin has no opportunities to destabilize situation in Moldova - diplomat
February 21-28 live war map: Avdiivka occupation consequences and struggle for air supremacy
Ukraine and Albania signed Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation
40 US biolabs operate in Ukraine: another Russian fake spread online
Don't expect NATO legions in Ukraine
Ukraine identifies Russian servicemen killed man during occupation of Kharkiv region
Ukrainian military anticipates Russian advance towards Horlivka
Ukraine will not have initiative at front for months — UK armed forces chief
Creating missile coalition and new Russian offensive possibility. Serhiy Zgurets's column
Forced voting at gunpoint: Nova Kakhovka Mayor condemns Russian pseudo-elections in occupied Ukrainian territories
Russia conducts nuclear weapons drills, prepares for potential conflict with China - FT
Lithuania to check 18 thousand Belarusians who arrived in country by 2022
Russian troops have fewer possibilities for assault operations in Krynky – Operational Command South
What is Macron wrong about?: Ukraine's ambassador on statement about sending Western troops to war
Chinese special representative embarks on diplomatic mission for "Ukrainian crisis resolution"
More news