Espreso. Global
OPINION

Who are ISIS-K, who took responsibility for terrorist attack on Moscow's Crocus City?

24 March, 2024 Sunday
19:00

ISIS-K claimed responsibility for the terrorist attack on Moscow and promised to continue. Who are they and why do they hate Russia?

The first thought of many Ukrainians after the attack on Crocus City was that it was another "Ryazan sugar". This is a perfectly logical assumption, especially when you know about Putin's track record. But it seems that it is indeed ISIS. So let me remind you a little bit.

ISIS is a Sunni Islamic organization that is a carrier of Salafi jihadism. Salafism is a very specific trend that calls for literal imitation of practices that were used by communities from the time of the Prophet Muhammad. It is a kind of Islamic radical reformation.

The goal of ISIS is to assert its ideals on the planet by creating a World Caliphate. Or at least to restore the Righteous Caliphate of the VII-VIII centuries.

Organizations that later transformed into ISIS began to exist as early as 1999. The Islamic State of Iraq declared itself ISIS in 2006, and in 2014 it transformed (by merging with several other organizations) into the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. And it declared itself a global caliphate.

Read also: Terrorist attack in Moscow. The show is just beginning...

Who is the enemy of ISIS? The enemy of ISIS is everything that is not ISIS. Historically, it was other Muslims who suffered the most from the actions of ISIS. Both during the existence of the de facto state of ISIS in Syria and Iraq (2014-2019), and before and after. And for ISIS-K, the main enemy is "other" Muslims, and only then Russia. More on this below.

ISIS is the logical culmination of both fundamentalism and extremism. It germinated and scaled up perfectly in the war-torn territories of Iraq and Syria. And a poor and disadvantaged population without strong control of a secular state is an excellent material for religious propaganda and recruitment.

So when people say that ISIS is a project of the FSB, it's hilarious. The ideas that led to the emergence of ISIS are much older than Russia. And the social and political base is not very dependent on Russia. Although, of course, it is quite likely that ISIS has incorporated various intelligence and security agency agents. For example, the Americans somehow learned that ISIS was preparing terrorist attacks against Russia.

So, let's talk briefly about what ISIS-K is, or, as they call themselves, Wilāyat Khurāsān. This is, in fact, a part of ISIS that operates on the territory of the historical region of - suddenly - Khorasan. Khorasan is one of the three regions of Central Asia, which covers the territories of modern Iran, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, parts of Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. ISIS-K does not operate in the entire territory of historic Khorasan but considers it its target area. Accordingly, the recruitment of people takes place in Central Asia, and the political perspective is local.

Currently, the main enemy of ISIS-K is... the Taliban. ISIS is now accusing the Taliban of not being Muslim enough. Literally: they are now criticizing the Taliban for not enforcing Sharia law strictly enough and for being too liberal. In second place, of course, is Shiite Iran. Yes, for ISIS, Shiites are even more evil than, say, Christians, because they consider Shiites to be heretics and apostates.

In this context, Russia is a natural enemy of ISIS. First, it is now a direct ally of Iran. Second, it is actually a partner of the Taliban. In addition, according to ISIS, both the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the Russian invasion of Syria are crimes against Islam.

Why did the FSB miss this terrorist attack? If we put aside pure conspiracy theories, everything is quite logical: all Russian forces are thrown into the war against Ukraine, including the best personnel of the FSB. Russia has no excess of forces and resources. Therefore, the country is simply not ready for such manifestations of asymmetric action. If ISIS-K wants to continue, it will. Otherwise, Putin will have to throw resources at it.

Why does Russia blame the United States and Ukraine? Well, what else can they do? Say that we have found a fictional enemy, spent all our resources on the war against him, and now we are vulnerable to another, real enemy, who was raised by our own crimes in Afghanistan, Central Asia, and Syria? Or what? This is a way to try to put it off a sick head.

 

Source

About the author. Yuriy Bohdanov, publicist, strategic communications specialist in business, public administration and politics

The editors do not always share the opinions expressed by the authors of the blogs.


 
Tags:
Read also:
  • News
2024, Sunday
14 April
17:55
Zelenskyy comments on impact of aid slowdown to Ukraine
17:25
Russian forces push west of Bakhmut, targeting Siverskyi Donets-Donbas Canal, Chasiv Yar
16:56
Russia shells Kherson residential neighborhoods overnight, hitting high-rise building
16:26
Scholz kicks off three-day China tour to discuss China's support for Russia
15:56
Russian forces use drone to drop explosives on civilian truck in Sumy region, killing driver
15:30
OPINION
Iran-Israel conflict: Impact on Tehran's relations with Moscow
15:00
Russia develops deportation method for Russian passport holders in occupied territories
14:30
Reign of unchecked terror: Kovalenko on how rogue nations thrive
14:03
Exclusive
Ukraine's new UK minehunters will dock Black Sea only after hostilities end — Ukrainian Navy Reserve Captain
13:30
OPINION
No point to rush for Putin
13:00
Iran's strikes on Israel echo Russian tactics in Ukraine – ISW
12:30
Exclusive
"A woman must be self-sufficient and rely primarily on herself" - paramedic Yevheniya Kolesnichenko
11:50
Russia loses 900 soldiers, 34 artillery systems, and 24 armored vehicles in one day – General Staff
11:20
Russian army kills two civilians in Kharkiv region village
10:42
Updated
Ukraine strikes Russian Center troop group command post in occupied Luhansk
2024, Saturday
13 April
20:00
Exclusive
Ukraine needs energy 'Ramstein', special official, more solar and wind power plants: former energy minister explains top priorities
19:45
OPINION
Mobilisation, demobilisation and reservation: three problems of current war
19:25
Russia aims to level Donetsk region to ground: guided bombs dropped on 5-storey building in Ocheretyne
19:04
Ukraine has 500 defense enterprises employing almost 300,000 people - Zelenskyy
18:35
"Republicans are killing Ukraine": Stephen King on delay of US aid to Kyiv
18:00
Germany to hand over third Patriot system to Ukraine
17:36
Air defense missiles are in deficit: Ukraine's presidential adviser explains why Kyiv seeks help
17:07
Situation escalates: Syrskyi to reinforce problematic defense areas in eastern Ukraine
16:40
Exclusive
All Ukrainians may be forced to take up arms: former General Staff spokesman on drafting women
15:40
Russia disperses forces between Robotyne and Verbove: new Russian tactics in Zaporizhzhia sector
15:10
Ukrainian army controls Bohdanivka, intense fighting continues for this village — Defense Ministry
14:39
Review
No space for maneuvers: how to stay with electricity when there are no thermal power plants left in Ukraine
14:02
Review
Russia's attacks on energy sector, use of Kh-69, comparison of battles in Bakhmut, Avdiivka, Chasiv Yar. Weekly military review
13:30
Second anniversary of Moskva cruiser destruction: Navy spokesman reveals details of special operation
13:00
Updated
Ukrainian army eliminates 1,030 Russian soldiers, 23 tanks, 47 armored vehicles per day - General Staff
12:28
Ukraine is in active talks on two Patriot and one SAMP/T, Kuleba says
12:00
Ukraine needs air defense systems to protect its defense industry - ISW
11:31
Ukrainians may have up to 5 million weapons, almost all of them registered - Interior Ministry
11:00
British POW, who fought Putin’s troops in Ukraine, wins lawsuit against Russia
10:30
Ukraine negotiates with Poland, Romania, Spain on air defense systems supply
2024, Friday
12 April
21:40
Review
Victorious news of 779th day of war: former SBU officer’s car blown up in Moscow, Netherlands allocates €1bn in military aid to Ukraine
21:20
Ukrainian forces repel most Russian attacks in Bakhmut sector over last day - General Staff
20:54
Exclusive
Which countries have Patriot air defense systems Ukraine needs: expert tells
20:35
Exclusive
Mass, cheapness win in war of attrition: expert on dynamics of technical changes at front
20:15
Ukrainian forces target Russian UAZ-469, dugout, trailed howitzer, ATGM
More news