Espreso. Global

Ukraine to receive new SAM superior to Patriot. Serhiy Zgurets' column

5 June, 2024 Wednesday

Italy will provide Ukraine with one more SAMP/T system. Being one of the most modern long-range SAM systems, it offers greater mobility and a range of 150 km for destroying aircraft and 35 km for destroying ballistic targets, surpassing the Patriot system


Search for new weapons capabilities - Osa SAM

To begin with, I will take a look at new weapons capabilities that bring results, i.e. those that are in use but go unnoticed and then suddenly come into view. The Ukrainian Armed Forces, specifically the Bila Tserkva Air Defense Regiment, showed a video of the Osa SAM, which had been equipped with new missiles. This SAM is now actively engaged in destroying Russian targets such as cruise missiles and drones, including Orlans. This is usually done with Soviet missile stockpiles, which are quite limited.

The video reveals that, in addition to the standard missiles for the Osa SAM, this complex is equipped with R-73 short-range air-to-air missiles. This represents another manifestation of the famous FrankenSAM concept, where previously incompatible elements are combined. The R-73 is typically a short-range missile for aircraft. However, it has now been integrated with the Osa SAM, suggesting that this system can potentially engage air targets at a range of about 12 km. The key factor is for the homing head to lock onto the enemy target. Furthermore, the R-73 missile can be manufactured in Ukraine, as both the homing head and other components can be produced by our enterprises. I believe this project has the potential for scaling up.

SAMs for Ukraine from partners

And now we expect to receive other long-range systems from our partners in addition to the short-range Osa system. Italy is posed to provide us with another battery or complex called SAMP/T. This is one of the most modern long-range SAMs. It is adapted to fight aircraft and cruise missiles, and even ballistic missiles like the Russian Kinzhal.

In some respects, this SAM is even better than the Patriot because it has better mobility, a range of 150 kilometers to destroy aircraft and about 35 kilometers to destroy ballistic targets.

When will we receive it? The interesting aspect here is that the Italian press, particularly La Stampa, reported that this system has already been delivered. On the other hand, there were reports indicating that this SAM would be transferred swiftly, possibly by June 13, before the G-7 meeting. Therefore, we hope that the reinforcement of our air defense will be quick enough.

Frontline update

There were 137 combat clashes on the frontline on June 3. This indicates an increase in the dynamics along the entire frontline.

Vitaliy Lytvyn, Hero of Ukraine and officer of the Rubizh Brigade’s intelligence unit currently fighting in the Kharkiv direction, stated that the brigade's units are currently deployed in multiple areas, including Kharkiv, Kupyansk, and Lyman. So, the brigade undertakes the majority of tasks in all three areas, each holding significant importance, with the brigade giving its full commitment. Presently, the brigade's aerial reconnaissance team is raising funds for FPV and Mavic drones. These drones are used to adjust Russian artillery, ensuring that Russian troops cannot advance towards Ukrainian units and defensive positions during assault operations. Additionally, FPV drones can offset the shortage of ammunition and effectively target Russian dugouts and equipment. FPV and Mavic drones assist in neutralizing Russian forces and equipment as they approach Ukrainian positions.

The officer noted that in the Lyman direction, Russian forces conducted assault operations with the support of tanks, armored personnel carriers and other armored vehicles. In the Kharkiv direction, where units of the Rubizh brigade are also operating,  Russian troops are not using armored vehicles, but are deploying a large number of their infantry. In the Kupyansk direction, Russian troops attempted to act swiftly and leverage the element of surprise, employing buggies for their maneuvers. For instance, they would dispatch one buggy with an infantry unit, and if successful, they would send two more buggies with infantry to continue their advance. However, if unsuccessful, Russian infantry accompanying the buggy would be eliminated, prompting them to halt the assault.

Lytvyn added that the Russian army is very experienced. “Brigade-level commanders are experienced, they have combat operations behind them. They fought both in the occupied territories of Ukraine and in Syria, and many of their servicemen took part in combat operations in Chechnya, Georgia and other countries. In other words, they are experienced commanders who can use their means, both equipment and manpower, quite cunningly. However, there is an indicator signaling the low morale and psychological state of the Russian troops in the Kharkiv direction. When Ukrainian troops encountered Akhmat units, the Akhmat fighters positioned themselves behind the main Russian units, overseeing them to prevent any attempts to flee.

The commander of the Rubizh brigade's intelligence unit noted that the reconnaissance men conduct reconnaissance activities, bypass Russian platoon strongholds, carry out assault operations, and sometimes perform tasks to hold platoon strongholds in hotter areas of certain defense lines. Before each operation, several plans are worked out at once, i.e., certain operational actions that must be performed under certain conditions. When planning an operation, reconnaissance is conducted to study the Russian moral and psychological state, their positions and firing points, and the main locations of the artillery. If there is effective reconnaissance, followed by professional task planning, then everything always goes according to plan.

The Hero of Ukraine emphasized that the most important thing for a reconnaissance man is intelligence, regardless of age and gender. The main thing is that the tasks are performed efficiently, while preserving the lives and health of the servicemen. Untrained personnel are useless for a commander, so all mobilized personnel are immediately sent for basic military training. Trained soldiers are much more effective in performing their tasks, they return from battles alive, and therefore we do not lose our citizens and do not need to recruit new ones. Recruitment to the brigade is ongoing, and the range of positions is very wide, from infantryman, assault rifleman, and artilleryman. A lot of people with technical education are needed, because these are both reconnaissance and destruction means. Nowadays, the whole warfare is concentrated on technical means so that we can save the most lives of our personnel and effectively destroy the enemy.

Read also:
  • News
2024, Saturday
22 June
US closes Russian visa centres in Washington, New York
Russia drops about 100 guided bombs on Ukrainian positions, frontline areas daily
Russia attacks Kharkiv with guided bombs four times, causing casualties
China will be very unlucky if Trump comes to power - politician Feygin
Is Zelenskyy's Peace Formula being replaced by Erdogan-Guterres Formula?
Putin aims to destabilize Europe, paralyze NATO after destroying Ukraine - former Polish defense minister
Hungary doesn't block sanctions against Russia in exchange for Paks-2 construction
Ukrainian military destroy Russian equipment in Vovchansk sector
Launch of Oniks missile from Bastion coastal missile system
US bans Ukraine from firing its weapons deeper than 100 km into Russia
Russia tries to withdraw some units from near Vovchansk - Khortytsia troops grouping
China's peace is connivance with aggressor
Polish Patriot can't be transferred to Ukraine: former defense minister explains why
Russian forces launch Kalibr missiles from Sea of Azov for first time
Putin's involvement of North Korean forces in war against Ukraine is adventurous idea - politician
Barbados, Marshall Islands join final communiqué of Peace Summit
EU to sign security agreement with Ukraine next week - media
Ukraine starts negotiations with EU
Explosions at Russian refineries, possible Ukraine-South Korea cooperation, situation near Borova. Serhiy Zgurets' column
Ukraine's General Staff reports 21 firefights in Pokrovsk sector
Ukrainian guerrillas reconnoiter airfield in Voronezh, where Russia keeps Su-34 fighters
"Documents signed by Zelenskyy aren't legally binding": former US officer spreads new fake
Ukraine needs either plan for strategic breakthrough or way to end war - politician
Situation in Kharkiv region stabilized, but Russian army keeps reinforcing units - Ukrainian military
Second Russian tanker enters Mariupol port - mayor's adviser
Russia intensifies pressure on Toretsk, captures Shumy village - DeepState
Russia's massive attack: Ukrainian air defense destroys 25 air targets
Putin finds justification for use of nuclear weapons - ISW
Ukrainian army destroys 1,100 Russian soldiers, 28 artillery systems, 8 tanks per day
2024, Friday
21 June
Ukraine aims to hold second Peace Summit by late 2024
Netherlands to provide Ukraine with Patriot air defense system
Victorious news of 849th day of war: Ukraine's first victory in Euro 2024, powerful attacks on Russian territory
South Korea's arms supply to Ukraine depends on Russia's relations with North Korea
Russia has 80% of maritime exports of oil, oil products: expert urges to block tankers
As soon as Ukraine runs out of resources, war will spread globally
Ukrainian partisans uncover Crimean hospital treating Russian special forces
North Korea may send its forces to help Russia in Ukraine - military expert
Ukrainian activist from diaspora: "It is important to maintain identity abroad"
Russia launches assaults on Chasiv Yar from Toretsk direction - Khortytsia troop grouping
"Putin is interested in negotiations, Biden in escalation": foreign fakes for June 21
Ukraine returns seven children from occupied Kherson region
More news