Espreso. Global

Poland holds grain spill instigators to account at Ukrainian-Polish border — Ukraine's PM Shmyhal

25 February, 2024 Sunday
18:00

Ukraine's Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal says that Poland has already held the first people accountable for actions like spilling grain at the trucker blockade of the Ukrainian-Polish border, threatening measures could include imprisonment

The Prime Minister said this at the Ukraine. 2024 forum.

He noted that the protests are taking place against the backdrop of Russia's hybrid war in Europe, so there is support for radical pro-Russian political forces throughout the EU, including in Poland. "And this, of course, creates these terrible things that we see when the grain is poured out. It is illegal," Shmyhal said.

According to him, the Polish government responds adequately, and Ukraine is in contact with it. He added that when the law is violated, the Polish police respond. "The first offenders have already been brought to court. They face up to 5 years in prison. That is, the Polish side is taking all these steps," the Prime Minister of Ukraine emphasized.

The Ukrainian side announced 5 points and discussed this issue with the President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen and the European Commission itself. "And now we will implement these 5 points literally very quickly. We will work on a daily basis. As for the compromises, we have already introduced a verification mechanism for 4 groups of grains on September 16. We are also ready to go ahead with the introduction of export levels for eggs, chicken meat, and sugar at the level of 2022-2023. These are quite large volumes. We are ready to fix them and move within these limits," the Prime Minister said.

As a reminder, the District Prosecutor's Office in the Polish city of Gliwice has announced suspicion to a farmer who placed a poster with an appeal to Putin on his tractor during a protest in Gozhychi. The man faces 3 years in prison.

 

Protests on the border between Poland and Ukraine

Strikes have erupted on the Poland-Ukraine border due to increased competition following the opening of international transportation between Ukraine and EU nations. To address this, the Ministry for Communities, Territories and Infrastructure Development initiated talks with Poland and the European Commission.

Responding to the potential border blockage, the State Border Guard Service provided comments, and Ukraine formally communicated its concerns to Poland regarding the planned strike by Polish hauliers at the Ukrainian-Polish border.

On November 6, Polish hauliers initiated a strike at the border. The Ministry of Infrastructure noted that no official demands had been submitted by the Polish carriers to Kyiv.

By the evening of November 7, Polish carriers had fully halted the movement of cargo vehicles at two border crossings with Ukraine.

Subsequently, it was revealed that trucks are facing up to a 90-hour wait to enter Ukraine.

On November 9, a meeting of government officials and carriers blocking the border with Ukraine took place in Poland, but it concluded without any resolution. Simultaneously, the lines of trucks are growing longer. Consequently, Ukraine has suggested to the Polish authorities the initiation of lanes for empty trucks and is currently awaiting their response.

On November 15, trilateral talks with Poland and the European Commission on unblocking the crossing points took place, but they did not yield any results. Instead, the European Commission may initiate measures against Poland if the authorities do not resolve the issue of carriers blocking checkpoints on the border with Ukraine.

Polish carriers have promised to tighten the blockade on the border with Ukraine. In addition, customs officers have begun to record an increase in truck queues in the Slovak direction.

Ukraine and Poland are preparing claims for damages caused by the blockade of border crossing points due to the rally of Polish carriers. In addition, it has been reported that Polish carriers are not allowing humanitarian aid and dangerous goods to pass through.

According to Volodymyr Balin, vice president of the Association of International Road Carriers, Polish carriers are violating the terms of the strike, which could help to get it called off. At the same time, the Ukrainian economy has already suffered losses of more than €400 million.

Meanwhile, the Polish government has called on Ukraine to cancel the e-queue registration for empty trucks. Poland’s Minister of Agriculture also met with the protesters and offered them a compromise solution.

On December 1, the blocked Ukrainian drivers at the Polish border held talks with the consul. On December 4, the Uhryniv-Dolhobyczów border crossing point opened to empty trucks.

On December 4, the EU Transport, Telecommunications and Energy Council (TTE) will discuss the situation with the blockade on the Polish-Ukrainian border.

As a result of the protesters' blocking of the border with Ukraine, exports through these checkpoints decreased by 40%, and the state budget of Ukraine lost UAH 9.3 billion due to a shortfall in customs payments. 

Later it became known that the trucks blocked on the border with Poland would be returned to Ukraine by rail. On the evening of December 7, Ukrainian Railways sent the first container train with trucks to Poland, consisting of 23 platforms with 13 loaded tractors and semi-trailers.

On December 11, truck traffic was unblocked at the Polish-Ukrainian border through the Yahodyn-Dorohusk checkpoint. 

The European Commission called for the unblocking of all checkpoints on the border with Poland.

On December 14, the mayor of the Polish commune of Dorohusk, Wojciech Sawa, did not allow carriers to block the Yahodyn-Dorohusk checkpoint on the border with Ukraine.

However, on December 15, the District Court in Lublin overturned the ban of Wojciech Sawa, head of the Dorohusk Commune

On December 18, Polish farmers from the United Village Union said they would join the border blockade in Dorohusk, starting on Monday, December 18









 
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