Espreso. Global

THAAD for Ukraine: capabilities of this missile defense system and possibility of its transfer

7 December, 2023 Thursday
15:12

THAAD is not only a high-level missile defense system to counter intermediate-range ballistic missiles, but also a very expensive weapon.

Defense Express writes about this.

The list of weapons supposedly transferred to the United States by representatives of Ukraine's Defense Ministry contains a huge list of weapons and military equipment, in which special attention may be paid to the THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense) missile defense system.

The fact is that, unlike many other positions, THAAD has already been raised at the official level. In particular, it was mentioned back in September 2022 by the then Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksii Reznikov, when it was not even a question of receiving the Patriot.

And the reason for THAAD's need is quite obvious - it is a complex that already belongs to a fairly powerful echelon of missile defense, designed to intercept ballistic missiles at a range of up to 200 km and at altitudes of 100-150 km, Defense Express explains.

This Lockheed Martin system uses a traditional kinetic intercept, when an anti-aircraft missile simply crashes into a ballistic missile, which guarantees its complete destruction.

This single-stage anti-missile is 6.1 meters long, has a launch weight of 900 kg, reaches speeds of up to Mach 8.2, and uses a thermal imaging sensor to guide the missile to the terminal area. The system usually integrates six launchers, each with 8 missiles.

It is based on the AN/TPY-2 radar with a 9.2 square meter digital antenna array operating in the X-band (8.55-10 GHz), which is used to detect targets and guide anti-missiles. The instrumental range of this radar, according to various sources, covers from 1000 to 2000 km.

This radar operates in a sector of about 120 degrees, so several such radars are needed for a comprehensive overview. At the same time, information about targets can be received by THAAD through a common information exchange system, for example, from satellites.

“Despite the fact that this system was developed in the late 1980s and tested in the 1990s, and has been in service in the United States since 2008, THAAD has not become widespread. In addition to the United States, which has an undisclosed number of such systems, its foreign operators are only two rather wealthy countries - the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia,” Defense Express writes.

It is stated that the reason for this is primarily the cost of the complex. For example, the United Arab Emirates purchased two batteries for $3.5 billion in 2011. In 2022, it purchased two launch control stations and two tactical control stations and an additional 96 anti-missiles for another $2.24 billion.

In 2017, Saudi Arabia received permission to purchase 44 launchers, 360 anti-missiles, 16 tactical control stations, and 7 AN/TPY-2 radars at once with a maximum price of $15 billion.

At times, the export of THAAD has been the subject of extremely fierce international disputes, especially when a country neighboring Russia and China wanted to deploy such systems. For example, South Korea expressed interest in THAAD in 2013, Japan in 2015, and Taiwan in 2017. None of them resulted in exports, although Korea began deploying THAAD systems on US military bases in 2016-2017, the report notes.

For Ukraine, of course, the need for THAAD definitely exists. At the same time, the cost of this complex and the small number of available samples, which are scattered across US military bases abroad, hardly make it easy to receive it as aid, or even to purchase it.


 
Tags:
Read also:
  • News
2024, Sunday
25 February
14:30
Ukrainian intelligence comments on speculation that Transnistria will ask to join Russia
13:59
Exclusive
No combat in Robotyne center, says Zaporizhzhia Regional Council Deputy Lyshenko
13:30
Russia suffers substantial equipment losses in assaults, says Luhansk official
13:00
OPINION
Andriy Lyubka: We have all partly died in two years of war
12:30
Russia spreads disinformation about "Nazi alliance with Bandera supporters"
11:55
Russia loses 8 tanks, 29 artillery systems, and 810 soldiers in one day – Ukraine's General Staff
11:30
Russian forces destroy train station in Kostyantynivka, Donetsk region
10:59
Russia attempts to destroy Ukrainian air defense in South during night assault
2024, Saturday
24 February
22:28
Total Resistance: the launch of calendar dedicated to the heroic struggle of Ukrainians against Russia
21:19
All children evacuated from five settlements in Donetsk region
20:54
Russia shells Huliaipole, Zaporizhzhia region, killing elderly woman
20:27
EU plans to transfer almost 170,000 pieces of ammunition to Ukraine by end of March - FM Kuleba
20:01
Ukrainian army repels 28 Russian attacks in five directions - General Staff
19:36
Exclusive
Theory of Ukraine's success largely depends on US - American politician Fried
19:10
Executed in Olenivka Russian Captivity: The Story of a Boy from the Cherry City
18:44
Exclusive
Prospects of Ukraine's victory in war are very high - General Mussayev
18:16
All crew of downed Russian A-50 aircraft killed - media
17:50
Exclusive
Putin is forced into conditions where he cannot stop his aggression against Ukraine - General Mussayev
17:21
West's decision to ban Ukraine from striking at Russian territory is wrong - future commander of Estonian army
16:52
Exclusive
New US sanctions against Russia may affect Chinese companies - US politician Fried
16:24
Two years of Ukraine inspiring world: Western leaders on second anniversary of Russia's full-scale invasion
15:55
OPINION
Zelenskyy's interview with FOX: main points
15:28
UK intelligence estimates Russian losses over two years of full-scale war in Ukraine
15:00
Ukraine uses American chemical munitions against Russian army: Kremlin media spread another fake
14:32
Exclusive
Diplomat Chaly comments on preparations for 'congress' in Russian-occupied Transnistria
14:04
Review
Ukrainian counterattacks, liberation of territories in south, situation near Avdiivka: weekly military results by Serhiy Zgurets
13:35
Russia deploys dozens of Soviet T-62 tanks to Crimea - Atesh
13:07
ISW assesses risks of invasion of Ukraine from Transnistria
12:39
Exclusive
Aviation expert names complex used by Ukraine to destroy Russian A-50 aircraft
12:11
Ukrainian army destroys 770 Russian soldiers, 36 artillery systems, aircraft - General Staff
11:42
Ukraine intercepts conversation confirming downing of Russian A-50U aircraft
11:15
Ukraine's Air Force destroys 12 Shahed drones, 2 missiles overnight
10:49
Russian Su-34 firing missiles at Ukraine shot down in Kherson region - media
10:24
Updated
Ukraine’s forces target another Russian A-50 radar aircraft
2024, Friday
23 February
21:40
Review
Victorious news of 730th day of war: destroyed Russian Tor-M2 and Strela-10, €1.8bn in military support from Denmark
21:20
Ukrainian army repels 18 Russian attacks in 5 directions - General Staff
21:00
DPRK supplies Russia with 1.5 million ammo produced in 1970s-1980s - Ukrainian intelligence
20:45
Canada announces additional sanctions against Russia
20:15
Russian army destroys almost 500 tons of grain overnight in Donetsk region
19:50
Ukrainian officials arrive at Poland's border, but do not meet with Polish counterparts
More news