Espreso. Global

Historians criticize Polish prosecutor's decision to label Operation Vistula as humane

4 December, 2023 Monday

Ukrainian historians say that the Polish prosecutor who closed the investigation and called the Vistula operation humane ignores the facts. They believe that his decision was provoked by political reasons

This was reported by the Center for the Study of the Liberation Movement, according to Espreso TV. 

Details regarding the decision of the Polish prosecutor

The prosecutor of the Polish Institute of National Remembrance has closed the investigation into the communist crime against humanity - the forced and unexpected deportation of 150,000 Ukrainians in the spring of 1947, known as the Vistula operation.

In particular, he claimed that the military operation was carried out humanely and had a preventive and protective nature.

"No actions were found that would cause public or private harm," the official statement said.

At the same time, the investigation also found no violations or abuse of power in the decision to order the mass eviction.

What do Ukrainian historians think?

The Center for Research on the Liberation Movement, a Ukrainian non-governmental research organization, a member of the European Platform of Memory and Conscience, analyzed the decision of the prosecutor of the Polish Institute of National Remembrance  and published a historical and legal position on it. 

"The decision of the prosecutor contradicts not only the facts and documentary sources that have been made public for many years on both the Polish and Ukrainian sides, the previously expressed position of scholars, presidents and parliaments of Poland and Ukraine, but even the position of the Institute of National Remembrance itself," the statement reads. 

Ukrainian historians emphasize that the evidence clearly indicates that the Vistula operation was coercive, concerned the displacement of population groups on a national basis from areas in which they were legally residing at the time, and was carried out in the absence of grounds permitted by international law. That is, it was a deportation or forced displacement of the population.

"Tortures were used against the persons placed in the Jaworzno concentration camp, and the prohibition to return under the threat of repeated deportation or concentration camp was the persecution of an identifiable group for national reasons in connection with the deportation and forced displacement of this group. All of this, according to international law, is a crime against humanity," explains lawyer and historian Serhiy Ryabenko, a representative of Ukraine in the international project International Justice for the Communist Crimes of the Platform of European Memory and Conscience.

The prosecutor de facto recognized the existence of an internal armed conflict in Poland between the government and organized structures of the Ukrainian underground.

The published document analyzes the arguments of the prosecutor and claims that the prosecutor de facto recognized the existence of an internal armed conflict in Poland between the government and organized structures of the Ukrainian underground, which had all the signs of combatants. Therefore, the decision-making on the displacement of civilians for reasons related to such a conflict, in the absence of urgent wartime needs (as it was in 1947), had signs of a war crime under international law.

"The attempt of the prosecutor to "justify" the actions of the communist Polish authorities against the citizens of the latter is not much different from the attempts of Russian propagandists to "justify" the repressions of the Soviet totalitarian regime, especially the mass deportations of entire population groups, including Crimean Tatars and Poles," the Center for Research on the Liberation Movement states.

The prosecutor's conclusions have little to do with conducting a comprehensive, objective and independent investigation, but are rather caused by political reasons.

Over a hundred Polish historians, intellectuals, public and cultural figures call the prosecutor's decision scandalous and demand a response from the highest authorities

At the same time, over a hundred Polish historians, intellectuals, public and cultural figures published an open letter to the leadership of both chambers of the Polish Parliament in which they protested and condemned the decision of the Institute of National Remembrance to terminate the investigation into the recognition of the Vistula operation as a crime.

Read also:
  • News
2024, Saturday
24 February
Total Resistance: the launch of calendar dedicated to the heroic struggle of Ukrainians against Russia
All children evacuated from five settlements in Donetsk region
Russia shells Huliaipole, Zaporizhzhia region, killing elderly woman
EU plans to transfer almost 170,000 pieces of ammunition to Ukraine by end of March - FM Kuleba
Ukrainian army repels 28 Russian attacks in five directions - General Staff
Theory of Ukraine's success largely depends on US - American politician Fried
Executed in Olenivka Russian Captivity: The Story of a Boy from the Cherry City
Prospects of Ukraine's victory in war are very high - General Mussayev
All crew of downed Russian A-50 aircraft killed - media
Putin is forced into conditions where he cannot stop his aggression against Ukraine - General Mussayev
West's decision to ban Ukraine from striking at Russian territory is wrong - future commander of Estonian army
New US sanctions against Russia may affect Chinese companies - US politician Fried
Two years of Ukraine inspiring world: Western leaders on second anniversary of Russia's full-scale invasion
Zelenskyy's interview with FOX: main points
UK intelligence estimates Russian losses over two years of full-scale war in Ukraine
Ukraine uses American chemical munitions against Russian army: Kremlin media spread another fake
Diplomat Chaly comments on preparations for 'congress' in Russian-occupied Transnistria
Ukrainian counterattacks, liberation of territories in south, situation near Avdiivka: weekly military results by Serhiy Zgurets
Russia deploys dozens of Soviet T-62 tanks to Crimea - Atesh
ISW assesses risks of invasion of Ukraine from Transnistria
Aviation expert names complex used by Ukraine to destroy Russian A-50 aircraft
Ukrainian army destroys 770 Russian soldiers, 36 artillery systems, aircraft - General Staff
Ukraine intercepts conversation confirming downing of Russian A-50U aircraft
Ukraine's Air Force destroys 12 Shahed drones, 2 missiles overnight
Russian Su-34 firing missiles at Ukraine shot down in Kherson region - media
Ukraine’s forces target another Russian A-50 radar aircraft
2024, Friday
23 February
Victorious news of 730th day of war: destroyed Russian Tor-M2 and Strela-10, €1.8bn in military support from Denmark
Ukrainian army repels 18 Russian attacks in 5 directions - General Staff
DPRK supplies Russia with 1.5 million ammo produced in 1970s-1980s - Ukrainian intelligence
Canada announces additional sanctions against Russia
Russian army destroys almost 500 tons of grain overnight in Donetsk region
Ukrainian officials arrive at Poland's border, but do not meet with Polish counterparts
Russia’s missiles, attack drones kill at least four in Ukraine
Japan provides record aid to Ukraine, thus supporting US and EU - Zhevago
Ukrainians, your fight is our fight: Polish media thanks Ukraine for resisting Russian aggression
Ukraine war is giant Ponzi scheme: fake news for February 23
Russian forces use chemical weapons in Tavria sector - General Tarnavskyi
What long-range weapons can Germany provide to Ukraine?
Russia can use almost 300 combat aircraft against Ukraine - intelligence
Situation in eastern Ukraine isn't critical - Ukrainian military
More news